Jul 082012
 

???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? IsraelDefense ??????? ?????? ????-?????? 2012.

???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? 

????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????’???? ?????”?. ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??????? cybersecurity ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ???”? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ???? ?????: ?-botnets. ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???”? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?-botnets ????????? ???? ???? ???????? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? 4 ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?-botnets, ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???”? ?????? ????? ?????. ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?-botnets ??? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????.

?? ???? ????? ?-botnets ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????????, ??? ?????? ??? ?????? spam, ????? ??????, ?????, ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????, ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?-botnets ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????, ?????? ???????, ?????? ??????? ????. ????, ????? ?? ??????? botnets ???? ???? ?????? ????”? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????.

?????, ???? ??? ??? ??? ????. ????? ????? ???? 2007 ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???????. ??????, ?????? ??? DDoS – Distributed Denial of Service , ?? ???? ??? ???? botnets ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????: ??? ??????? ?????, ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????. ????? ????? ??, ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ?”? ?????, ????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?-botnets ??????? ??????? ?-cybercrime ?????? ?-cyberwarfare ??????.

??? botnets, ??? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????

Botnet ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?”?????” ??, ?-bots (??????? ?? ??????), ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????. ???? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????, ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????, ?????? ??? ?-bots ???? ?????? ?? ?-botnet. ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??????, ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????.

?? ???? ?-bots ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?-bot herder, ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ???? ???????. ????? ?-bot herder ??? ????? ?? ?-bots ???? ???, ?????? ??? ?????? ??????, ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ?-botnet ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????.

????? ?-bot herder ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?-bots. ????, ?-bot herder ???? ????? ???? “?????? ??”, mother ships, ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?-bots. ????? ??? ?????? ?? command & control servers ??? ???????? ???? ?-bot herder ?-botnet ????? ??? ????? ??? ??????. ?-bots ?????? (????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???) ???? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ??-mother ships ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??????, ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??????. ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????, ?????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???’.

?? ??? ????? ??????? ?-botnet, ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ?-botnet: ?-bots, ?-bot herder ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?-bot herder ?? ??????? ?-bots.

?????? ?-botnet ????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????, ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????, ???? ???? ???? ??-botnet. ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???.

????? ???, ?-bot herder ??? ???? (?? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???????) ??? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????. ????, ?-bot herders ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??????. ?? ???? ???????, ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????????.

?? ??, ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? botnet ???? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?-bot herder ???? ??? ????? ?? ?-bots. ????, ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????, ?? ???? ???? ????????? ?? ??? bot ?? ???? ???? ????? ??? bot herder ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?-bots ???. ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????. ?????, ?????? ??? ??????? ???”? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????. ????, ?-bot herders ????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???. ??????, ?? ??????? ?-bots ????????? ???? ?-botnet ????? ??????? ??? ??? ?-botnet ???? ?????? ???. ?????, ?? bot ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?-bot ????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???. ????? ???, ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?? ?-bot ?????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ???. ?????, ?-bot herder ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?-bots ???????? ?-bots ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ????, ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??????. ??? ???? ????? fast flux network ???? ????? ?????? ????? botnets ???? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ??? Storm.

????????? ?? ??? ?-botnets ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????. ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????.

???? 2009 ???? ?????? botnet ??? BredoLab. ????? ???? BredoLab ??? ???????? ?? ?-30 ?????? bots, ?? ??? ???? ?? 3 ?????? bots ????? ??? ????, ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?-bot herders, ???? ???????? ?????? ???? ??? ???-???? ??? ???. ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??-bot herder ??? ?????? ??? ??-bots ???? ??? ??? ?????. ?????, ?-bot herder ???? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ????. ??????? ?? ??-bot herder ?????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????, ???? ?? ?????? ???????, ???? ????. ?-bot herder ????? ?? ?-botnet ??? ???? ?? ??? 140 ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????. ???? 2010, ???? ???? ?-botnet  ???? ??? ??????? ???????, ??? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??, ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?????????. ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? BredoLab ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?-bot herder ?????. ???? ????? ??? ?-bot herder  ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ?-botnet ?? ???? ?????. ????? ????? ?? ?????, ?-bot herder ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? 200 ??? bots ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????. ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?-bot herder ????? ?? BredoLab, ???? ?? 27 ??? Georgy Avanesov. ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?-4 ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??????.

??? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?-botnet ????????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????. ????? ???? ?? bot herders ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ?-BredoLab, ????? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??-botnet ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???.

 ???? ????? ?? ????? ???”?, ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ????, ???? ????? ???????. ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ????????, ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?????????, ?????? ????? ??? ??????. ????? ??? ?????? ?-botnets  ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????: ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?????, ?????? ???????, ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????. ??????, ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????, ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????, ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????.

???? ??? ?? ????? ??????? bots ??? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ????????, ??? ???? ??????? ????.

?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ????????

?????? ??? ??????, ????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? botnet ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????. ????, ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ???? ????? ?? botnets ????? ????????. ???? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????, ????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??????, ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ????. ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????????. ????, ???? ????? ????? ????? bots ?????? ?-botnet. ????? ?-botnet ????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?-botnet ??????? ?????? ???. ?????, ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????, ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?? ????. ????? ???, ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?-botnet ??????. ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?-botnet ??? ????? ??????, ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????. ???? ?????, ?? ????? ???? ????????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????, ???? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?-botnet ???? (?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????) ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ?? ?????.

 ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????????, ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????.

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